Garden calendar January 2019
- Plunge potted indoor and shade plants into mulch in shade to keep plants moist and alive if you go away for holidays.
- Bearded iris can be lifted and divided this month.
- Plant unkillable, yet stunning Gazanias, for colour. Choose from potted cultivated varieties you find in the garden centre, these have been selected as non-weedy types.
- Lift spring flowering bulbs, dry and then store in a cool dry area in preparation for replanting in late autumn.
- Plant succulents in pots, hanging baskets and even garden beds; these tough customers laugh at the heat.
- Annual flowers to sow or transplant at this time of the year include:- alyssum, aster, globe amaranthus, dwarf marigolds, celosia, cleome, coreopsis, cosmos, verbena, rudbeckia, petunia, amaranthus, salvia, portulaca, zinnia, Swan River daisy, vinca and sunflowers.
- Transplant palms in the heat of summer and they can recover quickly.
- Plant salad vegetables.
- Plant tropical fruits in summer to get them off to a quick start.
- Vegetables to sow or transplant this month include: dwarf beans, climbing beans, Brussel sprouts, asparagus pea, zucchini, cucumber, sweet corn, silver beet, Swiss chard, rosella, lettuce, eggplant, okra, leeks and chives. It's an ideal time to plant root vegetables including Swede, beetroot, turnip, carrot, radish, Daikon (Japanese radish) and kohlrabi.
- Avoid light and frequent watering, rather water deeply and infrequently, allow the soil to dry out between drinks.
- When fertilising with granular plant foods during summer, wet the soil first then apply fertiliser to moist soil and follow up with another watering.
- Hanging baskets are particularly vulnerable to drying out through wind and heat. Move to more protected locations if possible and treat with Baileys Grosorb wetting agent.
- Push lettuce along with regular fertilising so they remain sweet and don't bolt into flower. A weekly application of a liquid fertiliser such as Baileys Vitaplant will keep them moving.
- Feed up tropical ornamental and fruiting trees to fuel growth with Baileys Energy Garden.
- Deeply water citrus regularly to help the tree hold its fruit.
- Mulch, water regularly and sprinkle gypsum around the base of the plant to overcome blossom end rot of tomato and capsicum fruit.
- Feed strawberry plants and strip dead foliage away to promote more fruiting.
- Feed the lawn lightly to keep it green. Use Baileys 3.1.1. Plus to maximise your water use.
Pruning and Maintenance
- Mulch garden beds to reduce moisture loss using Baileys Moisture Mulch.
- Prune fast growing Dahlias by half to encourage bushier growth and more flower stems. Position stakes now to hold up the stems as they rapidly shoot away.
- Trim Camellias and Azaleas if needed.
- Pinch prune Fuchsias for more autumn flowers. This means to use forefinger and thumb to pick the tip growth off the plant. Also feed them for autumn blooms. Use Baileys Energy Garden fertiliser.
- Tip prune Poinsettias for bushier growth and more flowers.
- Trim the flowers off Kangaroo Paws and Dianella when they have finished blooming.
- Lightly trim rose bushes after a big flush of flowers.
- Bird baths and drinking trays are a way of bringing birds to your garden. Position these so that birds are not endangered by cats.
- Summer pruning of stone fruit trees can be done now, particularly those that have already cropped.
- Avoid shading sweet corn, all melons and zucchini as this encourages foliage diseases.
- As a general rule, water your garden early in the morning.
- Using a mechanical spreader makes your fertiliser applications more even. Avoid loading the spreader over the lawn in case you burn a patch with too much fertiliser, it's best to fill on a paved area. Be sure to blow or brush down any remaining fertiliser to avoid staining.
- Watch for brown patches in lawn usually caused by un-wettable soil and treat with Baileys Grosorb wetting agent.
- Mow lawns more regularly and higher to conserve moisture. Sharpen your lawn mower blades for cleaner cutting and reduced moisture loss. Avoid cutting in the heat of the day if possible.
- Weeds can be an issue in summer lawns because of rapid growth. Take your problem weed into your local garden centre for identification and treatment advice.
- It’s worth getting your soil tested every year. If the pH of the soil under your lawn is out of whack it can have a profound and negative effect on the performance of the grass regardless of how much food and water you lavish on it.
- Mist indoor plants to increase humidity which they love, it also deters insect pests such as mites.
- Collect any fallen fruit from under the tree and solarise to kill off the fruit fly larva. Place in a plastic bag, seal and leave in the sun for a fortnight before disposing in a bin.